In 1970, Soviet scientists embarked on an ambitious project in the Kola Peninsula to conduct one of the greatest drilling and mining experiments in human history. This project involved drilling farther down into the Earth’s crust than any other in history, setting a Guinness world record that still stands today, over 20 years since the cessation of all drilling activities at the borehole. The drilling project was a remarkable scientific achievement and brought about great scientific discoveries.
A Grand Science Project and the Legends That Followed
The superstructure built around the rig on the Kola Peninsula was 20 stories high, and over the course of its operation, it hosted over 3,000 workers operating in shifts. Teams permitted to operate in or around the rig were comprised of leading geologists with specialist knowledge not only of how to operate a large drill but also of what might be found below the surface. The immediate success of the project was almost unusual, with no initial problems, and the drills continued to bore into the Earth. However, rumors, myths, and legends began to emerge that wouldn’t be out of place in a modern horror movie.
This video was filmed inside the Arctic Circle, just between the Canada-Alaska-Russia border.— PiE_r (@Megohelie1) March 9, 2023
This phenomenon can only be observed once a year, for 36 seconds. The moon appears and disappears.
Immediately afterward, there is a 5-second total solar eclipse. pic.twitter.com/YwatPL26qg
Myths and Legends or a Great Scientific Achievement?
The legends say that drilling the hole would open up a portal to Hell, allowing demons to escape into the world. These rumors grew louder when work on the project was temporarily halted in 1983. According to legends, even though the temperature on the ground shouldn’t have exceeded 392 degrees Fahrenheit, the temperature recorded at the end of the drill actually reached over 1,500 degrees Fahrenheit. Allegedly, a microphone was attached to the end of the drill, capturing the screams of tormented souls deep in the pits of Hades. An atmosphere of deep fear and anxiety gripped the rig, and work suddenly had to be shut down without warning. However, these myths and legends are not true, and what happened at Kola and what was achieved by scientists there is more interesting than any myth or legend could ever be.
Kola Super-deep Borehole: A Completely New Science
Drilling so far into the ground below us, the drill and the hole could tell us much information about what conditions were like on the Earth billions of years ago, what our home was like when it was young, and how our planet came to be formed in the first place. As the data that Kola provided was examined in greater detail, it became apparent that what we thought we knew about geology was wrong. This was a completely new science involving drilling to depths nobody had tried to reach before, unimaginable pressure, and new technology to bore the holes battling high temperatures and resistant rock. The geologists pressed on, determined to reach their goal of going further into the Earth’s crust than anyone had ever achieved previously.
Discoveries at Kola
The Kola Super-deep Borehole provided numerous discoveries, including a new understanding of geology, rock formations, and the age of rocks at different depths. The borehole’s depth also allowed for the study of the Earth’s history and the creation of our planet. The discovery of enormous quantities of hydrogen, trapped below a layer of impenetrable rock, was unexpected. Additionally, diamonds beyond imagination were found perfectly preserved within the Earth’s crust, as if it had been growing them, waiting for us to find them. There may even be thick seams of gold down there too.
Kola Super-deep Borehole: A New Time Machine
The Kola Superdeep Borehole may no longer be in operation, but its legacy lives on. The scientific discoveries made by the project have led to a better understanding of our planet and its history. The myths and legends surrounding the project are a testament to the human imagination and our fascination with the unknown. However, the truth is often stranger than fiction, and the truth of the Kola Superdeep Borehole is a remarkable achievement of human ingenuity and determination. Who knows what other secrets the Earth’s crust may hold? Perhaps one day, another project will take up the mantle of exploring the depths of our planet, and the discoveries made there will be even more astounding.
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